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lung cancer may go undetected in kidney cancer patients

IMAGE: (L to R): Dr. James Brugarolas, Dr. Isaac Bowman, Dr. Ivan Pedrosa, and Dr. Payal Kapur studied lung cancer tumors in kidney cancer patients.
view more Credit: UT SouthwesternDALLAS - March 7, 2017 - Could lung cancer be hiding in kidney cancer patients? Researchers with the Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center's Kidney Cancer Program studied patients with metastatic kidney cancer to the lungs and found that 3.5 percent of the group had a primary lung cancer tumor that had gone undiagnosed. This distinction can affect treatment choices and rates of survival."Kidney cancer spreads primarily to the lungs making the detection of a primary lung cancer difficult. Lung cancer is typically more aggressive than kidney cancer. Undetected, lung cancer may spread and eventually kill

race for life | riviera insider

Now in its fourth year in the south of France, the annual charity race for Cancer Research UK – the Race for Life - will be taking place in the scenic Parc de l’Étang in Mougins on 11th June. This year, the race will be raising money for three different types of cancer: breast cancer, prostate cancer and neuroblastoma (cancer occurring in the nerve tissue). Neuroblastoma is the most common cancer in babies and the third most prevalent in children following leukaemia and brain cancer.Participants are welcome to run, jog or walk the 5km race and are encouraged to have a JustGiving sponsorship page for donations. There is a participation fee of 20€ and everyone is encouraged to wear pink for the occasion. There will be tasty snacks, a raffle and plenty of smiles and laughter shared on the day

soy may help breast cancer patients to live longer

Maximilian Stock Ltd.—Getty ImagesThere is perhaps no more complicated and fraught connection between cancer and food than the one between breast cancer and soy.When studies first revealed that women in Asian countries who eat a significant amount of soy daily were less likely to die of breast cancer or experience recurrence than women who consumed less soy, many took it to mean that soy-based foods may have protective qualities. Other studies, meanwhile, found that soy may interfere with anti-cancer drugs, while others suggested that certain properties in soy mimic estrogen—which can fuel some breast cancers—and should therefore be avoided.There's been plenty of back and forth, but new research helps to clear up the confusion. In the latest study on the subject, researchers led by Dr. Fan

soy food consumption linked to prolonged survival in some breast cancer patients

New research indicates that dietary soy products are safe and even beneficial for women diagnosed with breast cancer. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings may help resolve controversies over soy's potential link to breast cancer outcomes.Soy foods are considered among the healthiest for human consumption, but their estrogen-like properties have raised concerns of a potential increased risk of breast cancer. This is because in hormone receptor-positive cancer, the most common form of the disease, there are some concerns that high estrogen levels help cancer cells grow and spread, though this remains controversial."Isoflavones--the component of soy that has estrogen-like properties--have been shown to slow the growth of breast

years after diagnosis, many young cancer survivors continue to struggle socially

A new study indicates that the social difficulties faced by many adolescent and young adult cancer survivors often persist for years after their diagnosis. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study indicates that though these patients may see some improvement in their social lives during the first year following diagnosis, their social functioning tends to remain constant after that, leaving them socially impaired relative to their cancer-free peers. Adolescence and young adulthood is a challenging period of physical, emotional, cognitive, and social development, and a cancer diagnosis and its treatment can compound these challenges for young patients. Many studies have found that adolescents and young adults with cancer experience

city of hope researchers discover how breast cancer spreads to the brain

DUARTE, Calif. -- Ninety percent of cancer deaths are from cancer spread. Breast cancer patients, for example, typically do not die because cancer returns in their breast, they die because it spreads to other parts of their body. The most dangerous of which is the brain. Approximately 40 percent of all women with HER2-positive breast cancer will develop brain metastases. Now City of Hope researchers have found how this happens. Breast cancer cells wrap themselves in reelin -- a protein typically found only in the brain -- that allows the cells to disguise themselves as "friend and not foe," avoiding a system in the brain designed to detect enemy cells. From these disguised cells, new deadly brain tumors form. "More women than ever are surviving breast cancer only to die from breast tumors

belly dancing to recover from cancer treatment

A breast-cancer survivor’s unlikely therapy for people looking to return to life before chemo

belly dancing to recover from cancer treatment

A breast-cancer survivor’s unlikely therapy for people looking to return to life before chemo

breakthrough discovery may make blood test feasible for detecting cancer

IMAGE: Andy Tao, a professor at Purdue University's College of Agriculture, discovers a protein that could make cancer detection possible through a blood test
view more Credit: Credit: Purdue Agricultural Communications/Tom CampbellWEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Doctors may soon be able to detect and monitor a patient's cancer with a simple blood test, reducing or eliminating the need for more invasive procedures, according to Purdue University research.W. Andy Tao, a professor of biochemistry and member of the Purdue University Center for Cancer Research, and colleagues identified a series of proteins in blood plasma that, when elevated, signify that the patient has cancer. Their findings were published in the early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.Tao's work was d

scientists discover mechanism that causes cancer cells to self-destruct

Many cancer patients struggle with the adverse effects of chemotherapy, still the most prescribed cancer treatment. For patients with pancreatic cancer and other aggressive cancers, the forecast is more grim: there is no known effective therapy.A new Tel Aviv University study published last month in Oncotarget discloses the role of three proteins in killing fast-duplicating cancer cells while they're dividing. The research, led by Prof. Malka Cohen-Armon of TAU's Sackler School of Medicine, finds that these proteins can be specifically modified during the division process -- mitosis -- to unleash an inherent "death mechanism" that self-eradicates duplicating cancer cells."The discovery of an exclusive mechanism that kills cancer cells without impairing healthy cells, and the fact that this

joe biden at sxsw: vows to work with donald trump on cancer

At the annual digital, music and entertainment festival in Austin, Tex., former Vice President Joe Biden described how his role in heading up the White House Moonshot on Cancer came about — from a comment he made to former President Obama that his only regret in not running for the presidency was that he would not be able to preside over the cure for cancer. Soon after, Obama put Biden in charge of the Moonshot, an ambitious program to accelerate new treatments for cancer and encourage more innovative research to discover novel ways of fighting the disease."Jill and I decided to devote the rest of our lives to this fight against cancer," Biden said at the Austin Convention Center as he described their personal reasons for wanting to see faster progress toward new therapies and even cures.

two migration proteins boost predictive value of pancreatic cancer biomarker

IMAGE: This is Ann Killary, Ph.D.
view more Credit: MD Anderson Cancer CenterAdding two blood-borne proteins associated with cancer cell migration increases the predictive ability of the current biomarker for pancreatic cancer to detect early stage disease, a research team from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reports in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.The trio of biomarkers, tested in three separate cohorts, including two blinded validation studies, improved the detection of patients with early stage disease compared to healthy or benign disease controls."Adding these two biomarkers provided statistically significant improvement for all early stage cancer versus healthy controls as well as other subcohorts when used with the current gold standard biomarker,

study finds not all women get appropriate care for cervical cancer

IMAGE: This is Shitanshu Uppal, MBBS.
view more Credit: Michigan MedicineANN ARBOR, Michigan -- Women with locally advanced cervical cancer whose treatment follows national guidelines for care have better survival, regardless of race, ethnicity or stage of cancer. But fewer than three out of five women received guideline-based care. For black and Hispanic women, it's just over half, a new study finds. And that could help explain why cervical cancer outcomes tend to be worse for these women.Researchers looked at records from 16,195 patients treated between 2004 and 2012 for locally advanced cervical cancer. Patient information was reported to the National Cancer Database, which represents 96 percent of the cervical cancer cases in the United States.To determine whether patients received c

scientists stimulate immune system, stop cancer growth

A chemical found in tumors may help stop tumor growth, according to a new study.Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago report that increasing expression of a chemical cytokine called LIGHT in mice with colon cancer activated the immune system's natural cancer-killing T-cells and caused primary tumors and metastatic tumors in the liver to shrink.LIGHT is an immune-stimulating chemical messenger previously found to have low levels of expression in patients with colon cancer metastases.The results are published in Cancer Research.Colon cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in the U.S. and, despite advances in treatment, long-term survival of patients with liver metastases is rare."For most patients with colon cancer that has spread to the liver, current trea

a better way to measure the stiffness of cancer cells

Biomedical engineers at Duke University have discovered a way to detect signs of cancer on a cell-by-cell basis using two lasers and a camera.

no, cellphones don’t cause cancer. probably

This is the first entry in our new series Is That a Thing, in which we explore tech's biggest myths, misconceptions, and---every so often---actual truths. The post No, Cellphones Don't Cause Cancer. Probably appeared first on WIRED.

penn studies find promise for innovations in liquid biopsies

IMAGE: This is a cluster of three circulating tumor cells.
view more Credit: Penn MedicinePHILADELPHIA - From using fluid in the lungs to better understand the potential of immunotherapy treatments in lung cancer, to tracking circulating tumor cells in prostate cancer, to conducting RNA sequencing of cancer cell clusters from the blood of pancreatic cancer patients, to finding new ways to biopsy tissue from patients who may have esophageal cancer, a series of studies from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrate the promise of new diagnostic methods. Three of the studies focus on liquid biopsies, an innovation which uses blood tests instead of surgical procedures in hopes of detecting cancer. Each research team will present their findings during the 2

thyroid cancer patients opting for non-intervention report lack of support

IMAGE: Dartmouth Institute Associate Professor Louise Davies recently led a study which examined the experiences of patients who opted not to intervene after receiving a diagnosis of thyroid cancer, despite the...
view more Credit: The Dartmouth InstitutePatients who choose not to intervene after a diagnosis of thyroid cancer face a challenging path--one that is often defined by a sense of isolation and anxiety, according to a first-of-its-kind study by researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and the Veteran's Administration in White River Junction, Vermont.As the concept of cancer overdiagnosis--the identification of cancers that are unlikely to progress or cause the patient any harm--becomes better understood by the public, a small but growing m

genetic association with aggressive prostate cancer discovered

IMAGE: Dr. Alexandre Zlotta led the study identifying a genetic association with aggressive prostate cancer.
view more Credit: Courtesy of Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, CanadaMarch 16, 2017 (Toronto) - An international study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute has identified a genetic connection to the aggressive form of prostate cancer. The study showed a threefold increase in the risk of aggressive prostate cancer for men with the genetic mutation. The frequency of the gene variants varied from 6 to 14% of the population of men with prostate cancer.Much like the association between BRCA gene mutation and the risk for breast cancer in women changed the approach to treatment/ prevention, the identification of the Kallikrein 6 gene region may change the course of pr

risks of getting breast implants, according to a surgeon

There are risks involved in every surgical procedure, but this is one you may not have expected: The FDA recently reported 359 cases and nine deaths from a rare cancer linked to breast implants.The cancer is anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), which impacts the cells around the implant. This non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is not a form of breast cancer, but can rather be found in the skin or lymph nodes. "It has presented in women who had problems with the implant, like lumps or asymetry," says Dr. Clara Lee, a reconstructive surgeon at the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center.Women have breast implants for two reasons: augmentation or reconstruction after mastectomies. The cancer could develop in either situation, though the risk is low. ALCL is estimated to occur in 1 in 300,000

lifestyle choices condition colon and rectal cancer risk more than genetics

IMAGE: Dr. Moreno's team.
view more Credit: IDIBELLResearchers of the Colorectal Cancer research group of Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), led by Dr. Víctor Moreno, and linked to the Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Epidemiology and Public Health CIBER (CIBEResp), have issued the first predictive risk model of colon and rectal cancer based on Spanish data that combines genetic and lifestyle information. Their work, published by Scientific Reports, highlights the importance of improving lifestyle to reduce the risk of colon cancer and suggests to use a combination of lifestyle and genetic information to subdivide the population into different groups according to their colon cancer risk, which would fine tune the current screen

advanced form of proton therapy shows promise for treating lung cancer recurrenc

An advanced form of image-guided radiation therapy, known as intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT), has shown early promise for the treatment of recurrent lung cancer, according to new research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Researchers found that after reirradiation with IMPT, the majority of patients were free from local recurrence one year following treatment and few experienced severe side effects.The data, presented at the 2017 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium, is the first to analyze reirradiation of thoracic cancers with IMPT and offers hope for a patient population with few curative treatment options.Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the U.S. According to the American Cancer Society, more than 222,500 people will be diagnos

fluciclovine pet/ct improves radiotherapy targeting for recurrent prostate cance

IMAGE: CTVPOST (red) = CTVPRE (yellow) union CTVPET (pink). Also shown (upper right corner) are the PRE (square) vs POST (triangle) dose volume histograms for PTV1, PTV2, rectum, bladder, and penile...
view more Credit: Ashesh B. Jani, MD, and David Schuster, MD, Emory University.Reston, Va. (March 6, 2017) - The featured clinical investigation article of the March 2017 issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine demonstrates that the PET radiotracer fluciclovine (fluorine-18; F-18) can help guide and monitor targeted treatment for recurrent prostate cancer, allowing for individualized, targeted therapy."This is the first study of its kind demonstrating changes in post-surgery radiotherapy target design with advanced molecular imaging in recurrent prostate cancer, with no demonstrated incre

newly discovered vulnerability in an aggressive breast cancer provides therapeut

Triple-negative breast cancer quickly becomes resistant to current therapies, leaving patients no therapeutic options.
BIDMC researchers discovered that TNBC cells increase production of pyrimidine nucleotides in response to traditional chemotherapy.
Discovery represents a vulnerability that can be exploited by blocking pyrimidine using an existing inhibitor in combination with chemotherapy. BOSTON - Physicians currently have no targeted treatment options available for women diagnosed with an aggressive form of breast cancer known as triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), leaving standard-of-care chemotherapies as a first line of defense against the disease. However, most women with TNBC do not respond to these broadly-targeted chemotherapies, and those who do often develop resistance to

le cancer, constellation de printemps

Entre les Gémeaux et le Lion se cache une constellation discrète mais assez facile à trouver : le Cancer. Zoom, grâce à cette vidéo proposée par Universcience.tv, sur les principales curiosités de cet astérisme en forme de crustacé.LE MONDE

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