innovative statistical methods shed light on extent of modern slavery in us world | Search | Laxaro
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 innovative statistical methods shed light on extent of modern slavery in us world
innovative statistical methods shed light on extent of modern slavery in us, wor

ALEXANDRIA, Va. (November 2, 2017) - Policymakers, law enforcement and advocates can now better identify and target modern slavery thanks to the work of human rights experts and researchers whose application of unique ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">statisticalont> ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">methodsont> yields more precise figures on its existence and extent. The groundbreaking work appears in the October issue of CHANCE, which features a series of articles written by authority figures on the subject of modern slavery.The new ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">methodsont> helped inform the 2016 Joint Global Estimates of Modern Slavery--publiont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">shedont> by the United Nations (UN) International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Walk Free Foundation--which estimated 24.9 million people in forced labor and 15.4 million in forced marriage. "For decades, though, the prevalence of modern slavery was difficu

new report examines the integration of modern slavery survivors

IMAGE: This is the Fresh Start Report.
view more Credit: University of LiverpoolA new report launched today (Wednesday, 1 March) at the International Slavery Museum by the University of Liverpool assesses an ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">innovativeont> solution to the problem of long-term care for survivors of modern slavery in the UK. Although slavery was officially aboliont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">shedont> in the 19th century it still continues today in one form or another around the world. From women forced into prostitution, children and adults forced to work in agriculture, domestic work, or factories and sweatshops producing goods for global supply chains, entire families forced to work for nothing to pay off debts, the illegal practice continues. There are a growing number of individuals who have been identified as victims of modern slavery in t

india's paradox: best anti-slavery laws, but largest number of slaves

A child labourer cries as he is rescued during a joint operation by Labour department and a non-governmental organisation in New Delhi. India has some of the world’s best anti-slavery laws, better than Europe, but it also has more people living in modern slavery than any other country.Nearly 46 million people live under conditions of slavery across the world, with 18 million (39%) of those in India, which is home to the world’s largest number of slaves, according to 2016 Global Slavery Index.These 18 million Indians–twice the population of Sweden–have lost their freedom by way of bonded and domestic labour and sexual slavery, among other means.Globally, modern slavery includes child workers in African mines, deforestation crews in the Amazon or people trapped in commercial sexual exploitat

government has role to play in stopping modern slavery

We might think slavery is something relegated to the annals of history, but it is a huge modern-day problem. And a global one.The Global Slavery Index estimates that 45.8 million people in 167 countries are in some form of modern slavery. And the International Labour Organisation (ILO) said that 21 million people were in forced labour in 2012, generating a profit of nearly $200 billion.
Modern slavery may not always mean physical shackles. Photo: iStockSlavery in the 21st century is a complex issue, and stretches far beyond the bounds of human trafficking. The ILO recognises a continuum of human exploitation from forced labour and debt bondage through to exploitative work places and withholding of wages.Modern slavery may not always mean physical shackles, but financial ones that make it

slavery cases in london up by 60%

The number of slavery cases reported in London is expected to leap by more than 60 per cent this year, according to the head of the Metropolitan Police's modern-day slavery and kidnap unit.DCI Phil Brewer said the force expects as many as 1,600 cases of human trafficking to be referred to it in 2017, an increase on the 1,000 from 2016, which was itself a 260 per cent rise on the year before that.The figures "will come as a blow to Theresa May who as Home Secretary led the fight against modern-day slavery", says The Guardian.Despite government action against human trafficking, culminating in the Modern Day Slavery Act 2015, campaigners say many potential cases are still being missed. Tamara Barnett of the Human Trafficking Foundation said: "Victims are not being identified. When they are be

modern slavery 'affecting every uk town and city'

Slavery is happening now in every major urban centre in the UK, according to a new report by the National Crime Agency.More than 300 police investigations are under way, dealing with "tens of thousands of victims" of modern slavery across the country, the report says. It warns that estimates of 10,000 to 13,000 victims in the UK are the "tip of the iceberg", and says the problem affects "every large town and city in the country". A surge in operations focusing on labour and sexual exploitation over the past three months has uncovered a wide range of cases, says The Guardian, "ranging from a Romanian organised crime gang making €5m (£4.5m) from advertising prostitutes online and laundering the proceeds, to a 12-year-old girl being trafficked into the UK to take children to school".There wer

presstv-‘british police failing to tackle slavery cases’

Anew report criticizes British police for failing to tackle modern slavery and human trafficking, leaving the victims unprotected.“While modern slavery cases can be complex and require significant manpower, many of the shortcomings in investigating these cases reflect deficiencies in basic policing practice,” Wendy Williams, the Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire and Rescue Services said on Tuesday.Modern slavery is an umbrella term used for various forms of coercion reminiscent of ancient slavery, where victims faced exploitation from forced labor or forced marriage and refusal amounted to threats, violence and abuse of power.The report also added that even when the victims were identified, investigations were closed prematurely, with senior officers openly expressing their unwillingne

survivor joins hollywood star to urge australia to end modern slavery

Australia is being encouraged to play a leading role in ending the insidious cycle of modern slavery by formally establishing a' Modern Slavery Act'. The subject matter is by no means “glamorous” – nor is the austere grey of Victoria’s Parliament. But, on Wednesday in Melbourne a Hollywood luminary lent her considerable star-power to the cause of ending so-called modern slavery.Rachel Griffiths, the Academy Award nominee attended a federal inquiry assessing Australia’s will to formally establish a Modern Slavery Act.RELATED STORY:Think beyond selfies to tackle child slavery: Rachel GriffithsHollywood star Rachel Griffiths says tourists who travel to Asian orphanages and donate money aiming to help, could actually be fuelling the slave trade.By Ms Griffiths’ side, stood a brave survivor of

schools and universities face crackdown on orphanage tourism amid slavery fears

Fears that students volunteering overseas are contributing to a new form of modern slavery.

man who locked pair in loft jailed for modern slavery offences - redditch advert

A man has been jailed for modern slavery offences after locking two victims in his loft, using violence against them and controlling their ID documents. Edward Zielinski exploited the two Polish nationals after the first victim came to the UK in 2008 and got into debt with the 42-year-old's cousin.Start the conversation, or Read more at Redditch Advertiser.

presstv-tens of thousands of slavery victims in uk: report

Modern slavery and human trafficking in the UK is "far more prevalent than previously thought," with potentially tens of thousands of victims across Britain, according to a new report.There were more than 300 live policing operations currently, with cases affecting "every large town and city in the country,” the National Crime Agency said in its report.The NCA said previous estimates of 10,000-13,000 victims in the UK were found to be the "tip of the iceberg."“It’s likely in the tens of thousands,” the NCA's vulnerabilities director Will Kerr said. “The more we look for modern slavery the more we find evidence of the widespread abuse of the vulnerable. The growing body of evidence we are collecting points to the scale being far larger than anyone had previously thought.”Human trafficking i

a pair have been charged with modern slavery act offences - witney gazette

A couple have been charged with Modern Slavery Act offences after allegedly luring a childhood friend from Poland to work for a pittance in Britain. West Midlands Police said Tadeusz Ondycz, 32, and 26-year-old Marta Dombrowska, from Willes Road in Winson Green, Birmingham, arranged the man's travel and secured work at a recycling plant in the Black Country.Start the conversation, or Read more at Witney Gazette.

it isn’t only trump who’s demeaning the civil war | politics | usa

The amendment that ended slavery — which was made possible by the Civil War and the victory of the Union — is said to have sustained slavery through the backdoor. In the words of columnist Shaun King, a fan of the documentary, with ‘a wink and a nod’, it allowed slavery ‘to continue’. In short, the Civil War wasn’t really about ending slavery; the North was not ‘good’.This interpretation implies that lawmakers in the North were indifferent to the abolition of slavery. In truth, the wording of the Thirteenth Amendment was plucked from the Northwest Ordinance, which, even before the Civil War, had successfully prevented slavery in the mid-Western states. That is, the amendment was unquestionably intended to end slavery and realise the ideals of those who fought for the Union.The supposedly r

methods for tracking microbial faecal pollution in water

In a project supported by the Austrian Science Fund FWF, the microbiologist Andreas Farnleitner is looking at new ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">methodsont> for analysing faecal pollution in water. Using DNA analytics, the scientist aims to develop comprehensive and simple ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">methodsont> to determine the extent and origin of faecal pollution.

the day the world remembers the victims of slavery

The first International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade took place in 2007, to coincide with the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the slave trade.The UN-designated day honours the millions of men, women and children who were victims of the transatlantic slave trade, which the UN describes as "among the worst violations of human rights in the history of humanity".Up to 28 million Africans were enslaved during the course of the trade, writes the BBC, which began in the 16th century and spanned over four hundred years.The notorious route saw Africans taken across the Atlantic by Europeans, mainly to colonies in North America, South America and the West Indies.It is estimated that as many as one in five of them died during the journey due to

business and governments commit to ending modern slavery in the indo-pacific reg

Business and government leaders from 45 countries met in Perth on Friday to discuss steps toward eradicating modern slavery. Australian foreign minister Julie Bishop said her government was committed to introducing an anti-slavery act modelled on the UK act from 2015, which would force big business to report their efforts to eradicate abusive work practices. "The UK act focused on ensuring that large businesses over a particular level were required to report what they were doing in relation to ensuring transparency in supply chains and the steps they're taking against modern salvery," she said.But she refused to commit to a timeline for implementation.  Ms Bishop co-chaired the meeting with her Indonesian counterpart Retno Marsudi, and business co-chairs Australian mining billionaire and p

presstv-uk family enslaved homeless, disabled people

A UK court has convicted a British family-gang for a series of modern slavery offenses.Eleven members of the Rooney family in Lincoln were convicted of fraud and slavery in four trials for forcing 18 victims to work for little or no pay and live in squalid conditions for up to 26 years, the Guardian reported on Friday.The report came a day after the National Crime Agency (NCA) said modern slavery and human trafficking was far more prevalent than previously thought, with potentially tens of thousands of victims in the UK.Read more:Modern slavery in UK more prevalent than previously thought: ReportThe members of the Rooney family targeted vulnerable people, including some with alcohol or drug addiction, and deliberately looked for potential captives on the streets, Nottingham crown court hea

associate research fellow

Department: Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences
Institution: University of Wollongong
• Full-Time, Fixed Term appointment (until 30 June 2021)
The Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences is a research intensive Faculty with extensive teaching operations in Australia, Asia and the Middle East. The National Institute for Applied Statistics Research Australia (NIASRA) is committed to developing and applying ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">innovativeont> ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">statisticalont> ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">methodsont> to important problem...
(Visit for the complete position description.)

searching for the african roots of noir marron communities

Elmina Castle (Ghana), slaves gathering place before the big departure (UNESCO World Heritage 1979). Credit: Cesar Fortes-LimaNew genetic data bear witness to transatlantic ties severed by slavery and triangular trade. Scientists from the Anthropologie Moléculaire et Imagerie de Synthèse (CNRS/Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier/Paris Descartes University) and Ecological Anthropology and Ethnobiology (CNRS/MNHN) research units have shown that members of Maroon communities in South America - formed over four centuries ago by Africans who escaped slavery - have remarkably preserved their African genetic heritage (98%). In contrast, the same cannot be said for African-descendants from Brazil and Colombia. The researchers' findings are publiont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">shedont> in the American Journal of Human Genetics.

sen. bob corker praises ivanka trump on human trafficking

President Trump may be feuding with Sen. Bob Corker, but the Tennessee Republican had kind words Wednesday for Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Ivanka Trump on their efforts to end human trafficking.The powerful chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee spoke about his efforts to end modern slavery during a panel at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. The End Modern Slavery Initiative has been one of Corker’s top priorities during his Senate tenure.“Rex has been really, really supportive of this effort,” Corker said.Corker described himself as “one of the few strong supporters of Rex Tillerson,” and he repeated that he thinks Tillerson was an “inspired choice” to lead the State department. He expressed his confidence in the State Department’s abil

confederate: game of thrones writers criticised for new show

Game of Thrones creators David Benioff and DB Weiss are turning their attention to new projects, but their planned HBO series, Confederate, has already set off alarm bells.See related Game of Thrones season 7: Key questions after premiereGame of Thrones Season 7: Clues from the castAlthough details about the production are still sketchy, the project has been criticised over its premise. Confederate is set in a future version of the US where slavery still exists.Variety reported this week that the show had got the green ont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">lightont>.Confederate envisions the lead-up to a third American Civil War, with the breakaway southern states maintaining a system of slavery.It follows characters on "both sides of the Mason-Dixon Demilitarised Zone", including freedom fighters, slave hunters, politicians, abol

the truth of the anti-slavery society | books & essays

In The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, 1838-1956: A History, James Heartfield presents a detailed analysis of this hugely influential organisation. Known simply as the Anti-Slavery Society, it was formally establiont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">shedont> in 1839, after the abolition of slavery in the British dominions, to tackle slavery worldwide. Heartfield shows how the Anti-Slavery Society rose to prominence and framed international policymaking through its close ties with key political figures including the late Victorian British prime minister, William Gladstone. Perhaps the friends in high places should not have been a surprise. After all, it was led by men of wealth and prestige, such as its founder Joseph Sturge, a prominent businessman, and Lord Brougham, a one-time Lord Chancellor.Heartfield shows how the

the culture war over the civil war | usa

On much of the American left, a pernicious, conspiracy-minded view of the Civil War and its outcome has taken hold. The ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, which aboliont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">shedont> slavery, is in particular held in low esteem by many on the identitarian left today. This view, as put forward in the much-praised Netflix documentary 13th, holds that the amendment was phrased in such a way as to allow, sneakily, for the continued bondage of black Americans through penal servitude. This means slavery continued after the war, some argue. And of course, Confederate apologists likewise view the Union’s abolition of slavery as a cynical ploy, as being more about the preservation of Northern power than expanding liberty. While modern-day leftists may, rightfully, despise the Confederacy, they show litt

the culture war over the civil war | usa

On much of the American left, a pernicious, conspiracy-minded view of the Civil War and its outcome has taken hold. The ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, which aboliont style="color:#666;background-color:#fff5a9;">shedont> slavery, is in particular held in low esteem by many on the identitarian left today. This view, as put forward in the much-praised Netflix documentary 13th, holds that the amendment was phrased in such a way as to allow, sneakily, for the continued bondage of black Americans through penal servitude. This means slavery continued after the war, some argue. And of course, Confederate apologists likewise view the Union’s abolition of slavery as a cynical ploy, as being more about the preservation of Northern power than expanding liberty. While modern-day leftists may, rightfully, despise the Confederacy, they show litt

presstv-harvard confronts ugly truths of slavery ties

Harvard University, one of the most prestigious colleges in the United States, has publicly acknowledged its connections with slavery in colonial America.At a conference on the relationship between colleges and slavery on Friday, Harvard President Drew Faust said the school must confront its dark past before it can move forward."Harvard was directly complicit in slavery from the college's earliest days in the 17th century until the system of bondage ended in Massachusetts in 1783," Faust, a historian, said in her opening remarks, ABC News reported."We look at both past and present today in the firm belief that only by coming to terms with history can we free ourselves to create a more just world."Scholars presented research on the topic and discussed how other American colleges benefited f

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