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 spatial reasoning is only partly explained by general intelligence
spatial reasoning is only partly explained by general intelligence

Enlarge/ "We can both find our way through a maze!"flickr user: Ron ReiringShare this storySpatial ability is a bit of a fuzzy concept. There are lots of different tests that can be used to assess it, like mentally rotating a 3D shape or reasoning out how a mechanical object would work. Are all of these tests really looking at the same thing, or are they probing unrelated capacities that we’re artificially combining under the heading of “spatial ability?"A paper in PNAS this week suggests that different spatial tests are all basically testing the same underlying ability—and that this ability is only partly explained by general intelligence. This means that spatial ability is, to some extent, independent: you can have better (or worse) spatial ability than your general intelligence might su

genes may be behind your math anxiety: study

Do maps and maths make you nervous? Blame it on your genes as they play a significant role in how anxious we feel when faced with tasks such as reading a map or solving a geometry problem, a new study has found.Spatial skills are important in everyday life, from navigation to assembling flat-pack furniture, and have also been linked to success in the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) professions.However, people differ considerably in these skills and researchers think it could be partly down to anxiety.Similarly, anxiety about maths is thought to impair achievement in the subject at school and deter people from using these skills in daily life.Looking at the genetic and environmental factors underlying anxiety is a necessary first step in identifying specific genes wh

conformity is not a universal indicator of intelligence in children, study says

AUSTIN, Texas -- Because innovation is part of the American culture, adults in the United States may be less likely to associate children's conformity with intelligence than adults from other populations, according to research from developmental psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin.U.S. children are often encouraged to engage in non-conformist and creative behavior. But researchers say this stands in contrast to populations in which child socialization is based on fostering collective and cooperative values that emphasize social conformity. In a study appearing in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, UT Austin researchers examined how adults view children's behavioral conformity as an indication of their intelligence and good behavior, comparing the U.S. and Vanua

improving connections for spatial analysis

A statistical model that accounts for common dependencies in spatial data yields more realistic results for studies of temperature, wind and pollution levels.

dogs, toddlers show similarities in social intelligence

Most dog owners will tell you they consider their beloved pets to be members of their families. Now new research suggests that dogs may be even more like us than previously thought.Evan MacLean, director of the Arizona Canine Cognition Center at the University of Arizona, found that dogs and 2-year-old children show similar patterns in social intelligence, much more so than human children and one of their closest relatives: chimpanzees. The findings, published in the journal Animal Behaviour (link to come), could help scientists better understand how humans evolved socially.MacLean and his colleagues looked at how 2-year-olds, dogs and chimpanzees performed on comparable batteries of tests designed to measure various types of cognition. While chimps performed well on tests involving their

nokia ozo audio is a spatial audio tech for phones, cameras

Nokia has dipped its hands into a lot of cookie jars lately, including the hottest computing and gaming trend, virtual reality. But most, if not fall, VR systems today only deal with the visual part of that made-up reality. A fully immersive virtual experience would need to also have 3D audio to go along with the 3D visuals. And for that, you need to record, and play back, audio in 3D, which is why Nokia is announcing OZO Audio to complement its existing OZO camera and platform.Recording audio is easy, but normal recording technologies only capture sound as a flat, one-dimensional track. Real sound, however, is bound by space and time. Not only does it come from different directions in a 360-degree area, some sounds also arrive sooner than others.Usually, capturing 360 spatial audio requir

german prosecutors examining wikileaks report on cia base

This Oct. 28, 2013 file photo shows the US Consulate General in Frankfurt, Germany. WikiLeaks on Tuesday, March 7, 2017 published thousands of documents purportedly taken from the Central Intelligence Agency's Center for Cyber Intelligence, a dramatic release that appears to expose intimate details of America's cyberespionage toolkit. (Boris Roessler/dpa via AP, file)Germany's federal prosecutors say they are examining a WikiLeaks report suggesting that the Central Intelligence Agency used the U.S. consulate in Frankfurt as a base for covert hackers.
The federal prosecutors' office says the reports published Tuesday are being reviewed, but that this is a standard procedure.Prosecutors said Wednesday that "if it turns out there is an initial suspicion of a concrete crime committed by a sp

artificial intelligence system beats professionals at poker for first time

For the first time, an artificial intelligence system has beaten human professionals at a game of Texas hold 'em poker, scientists say.It is a historic result in artificial intelligence (AI) that has implications far beyond the poker table, from helping make more robust medical treatment recommendations to developing better strategic defence planning.DeepStack, created by researchers at the University of Alberta in Canada, bridges the gap between approaches used for games of perfect information - such as chess and Go where players can see everything on the board - with those used for imperfect information games by reasoning while it plays, using "intuition" honed through deep learning to reassess its strategy with each decision."Poker has been a long-standing challenge problem in artificia

emotional intelligence helps make better doctors

MAYWOOD, IL - Among the qualities that go into making an excellent physician is emotional intelligence.Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize and understand emotions in yourself and others and to use this awareness to manage your behavior and relationships.Emotional intelligence plays a big role in determining a physician's bedside manner. It helps make patients more trusting, which in turn leads to better doctor-patient relationships, increased patient satisfaction and better patient compliance. Emotional intelligence also can help make physicians more resilient to the stresses of the profession and less likely to experience burnout.Loyola University Medical Center is among the centers that are studying emotional intelligence in physicians as a way to improve patient care and

spies have been identified in sweden: intelligence agency

Foreign powers are taking greater risks in intelligence gathering, according to Sweden's Military Intelligence Service. Photo: Fredrik Sandberg/TT
Sweden's Military Intelligence Service (Must) says that it has identified people linked to foreign intelligence agencies operating in the country.
Those people have "without reasonable cause, been at and studied areas important to Swedish national defence," Must notes in its new annual report of 2016.
"These are people we have been able to identify who can be linked to intelligence services of foreign powers," Jan Kinnander, deputy head of Must's security office told Swedish newspaper Svenska Dagbladet (SvD).
According to Must's report, foreign powers are taking greater risks to reach their intelligence targets, and intelligence gatheri

presstv-un official forced to resign over israel report

A senior United Nations official has resigned due to coercive measures used against her to withdraw a UN report revealing Israel’s imposition of an "apartheid regime" on Palestinians.Jordanian Rima Khalaf, 64, who is a highly decorated former minister with decades of experience in the field of human advancements, resigned on Friday, after what she described as pressure from the UN chief.Khalaf, who was appointed as under-secretary general and executive secretary at the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) by Ban Ki-moon, the former UN secretary general, said the present UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres forced her resignation."The secretary general asked me yesterday morning to withdraw (the report). I asked him to rethink his decision, he insisted, so I submitted

wikileaks publishes docs from what it says is trove of cia hacking tools

Enlarge/ The old headquarters building of the CIA in McLean, Virginia. A cache of files from CIA's Langley, Virginia, cyber-intelligence center has apparently been obtained by Wikileaks.Share this storyThis morning, WikiLeaks posted the first of what the organization's spokesperson says is a multi-part series of documents and files from the Central Intelligence Agency. "The first full part of the series, 'Year Zero', comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence in Langley, Virgina [sic]," WikiLeaks' spokesperson said in a press release.The documents, many of them incomplete or redacted, appear to be pulled in part from an internal Wiki, while others appear to have been part of a user file directory. In a

man arrested for 'refugee espionage' in sweden

The Swedish security police (Säpo) office in Stockholm. Photo: Tomas Oneborg/SvD/TT
Sweden's security police Säpo has arrested a man suspected of spying on refugees in the country.
Säpo arrested the man on February 26th on suspicion of aggravated unlawful intelligence activities in the country. He is believed to have illegally obtained intelligence about people related to Tibet in Sweden on behalf of another country.
"The security police has been able to see over time how the man acted in and collected information about the Tibetan group in Sweden. This information is suspected to have then been passed on to intelligence operatives working for a foreign power," Säpo said in a press release.
The man has now been detained by a prosecutor at the Swedish Prosecution Authority's Nation

wikileaks publishes docs from what it says is trove of cia hacking tools

Enlarge/ The old headquarters building of the CIA in McLean, Virginia. A cache of files from CIA's Langley, Virginia, cyber-intelligence center has apparently been obtained by Wikileaks.Share this storyThis morning, Wikileaks posted the first of what the organization's spokesperson says is a multi-part series of documents and files from the Central Intelligence Agency. "The first full part of the series, 'Year Zero', comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence in Langley, Virginia," Wikileaks' spokesperson said in a press release.The documents, many of them incomplete or redacted, appear to be pulled in part from an internal Wiki, while others appear to have been part of a user file directory.  In a mov

the dangerous precedent set by judicial attacks on trump's travel ban

Judge Derrick Watson’s imaginative reasoning asserts a new power to disregard formal law if the president’s words create a basis for mistrusting his motives.

court rules against dutch expats with missing ballot papers

Judges in The Hague have rejected a plea from a number of Dutch expats to be given more time to submit their votes in the general election.By law, ballot papers which have been sent abroad must be returned by March 15, the date of the national vote. But around 1,000 of the 78,000 Dutch expats who registered to vote had not received their papers with a week to go.Eelco Keij, a D66 parliamentary hopeful who has been campaigning on behalf of Dutch expats, says the state has been negligent in not sending voting papers out six weeks prior to the vote.‘A serious number of Dutch voters abroad are being robbed of their voting rights,’ he said.The court will publish its full reasoning later.

calls for us attorney general to resign after failing to disclose russia contact

It has been revealed the US Attorney General, Jeff Sessions, had two undisclosed conversations with the Russian ambassador last year. US Attorney General Jeff Sessions came under fire late Wednesday after the Washington Post reported he met twice last year with Russia's ambassador to Washington, seemingly contradicting statements he made in Senate confirmation hearings in January.The revelation cast a fresh cloud over President Donald Trump's administration - which has repeatedly denied any suspected ties between members of the Republican's election campaign and Russia - which US intelligence says interfered in the 2016 election against Trump's rival Hillary Clinton.The White House quickly labeled the report an attack by partisan Democrats, confirming the meetings but arguing Sessions did

calls for us attorney general to resign after failing to disclose russia contact

It has been revealed the US Attorney General, Jeff Sessions, had two undisclosed conversations with the Russian ambassador last year. US Attorney General Jeff Sessions came under fire late Wednesday after the Washington Post reported he met twice last year with Russia's ambassador to Washington, seemingly contradicting statements he made in Senate confirmation hearings in January.The revelation cast a fresh cloud over President Donald Trump's administration - which has repeatedly denied any suspected ties between members of the Republican's election campaign and Russia - which US intelligence says interfered in the 2016 election against Trump's rival Hillary Clinton.The White House quickly labeled the report an attack by partisan Democrats, confirming the meetings but arguing Sessions did

calls for us attorney general to resign after failing to disclose russia contact

It has been revealed the US Attorney General, Jeff Sessions, had two undisclosed conversations with the Russian ambassador last year. US Attorney General Jeff Sessions came under fire late Wednesday after the Washington Post reported he met twice last year with Russia's ambassador to Washington, seemingly contradicting statements he made in Senate confirmation hearings in January.The revelation cast a fresh cloud over President Donald Trump's administration - which has repeatedly denied any suspected ties between members of the Republican's election campaign and Russia - which US intelligence says interfered in the 2016 election against Trump's rival Hillary Clinton.The White House quickly labeled the report an attack by partisan Democrats, confirming the meetings but arguing Sessions did

calls for us attorney general to resign after failing to disclose russia contact

It has been revealed the US Attorney General, Jeff Sessions, had two undisclosed conversations with the Russian ambassador last year. US Attorney General Jeff Sessions came under fire late Wednesday after the Washington Post reported he met twice last year with Russia's ambassador to Washington, seemingly contradicting statements he made in Senate confirmation hearings in January.The revelation cast a fresh cloud over President Donald Trump's administration - which has repeatedly denied any suspected ties between members of the Republican's election campaign and Russia - which US intelligence says interfered in the 2016 election against Trump's rival Hillary Clinton.The White House quickly labeled the report an attack by partisan Democrats, confirming the meetings but arguing Sessions did

presstv-egypt to stand by syrians against terrorists: sisi

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi says his country supports a "united Syria" and a political resolution to the foreign-sponsored militancy that has ravaged the Arab country for six years and killed thousands of people.“Speaking of Egypt's stance on Syria, we want a united Syria, a political agreement to resolve the crisis, and reconstruction of Syria. [We do] not want to leave the Syrian people at the hands of terrorist groups,” Sisi said at a joint press conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the Egyptian capital Cairo on Thursday.The Egyptian leader also called for adopting a "clear and firm position" vis-à-vis "the sponsors of terrorism in the region."In October last year, the Damascus government called on Egypt to lend its support to the fight against terrorists in th

time crystals make their appearance, no blue police box reported

EnlargeChris MonroeShare this storyTime crystals: I'd hoped I'd never write about them again. A long time ago, there was a theory paper that proposed a new idea—time crystals. I was intrigued, but I was also confused. This either seemed like a trivial idea, or one so deep I didn't fully grasp it. Now, it seems I might not have had a clue, as two research groups have reported producing actual time crystals.Time crystals are not made of timeA time crystal is almost analogous to the crystals that you may be more familiar with, like salt and sugar. Salt consists of two atoms (sodium and chlorine) that are arranged in a fixed order in space. In any given direction, there is a characteristic length over which the crystal repeats itself. If I were located somewhere in the middle of a crystal and

researchers present time crystals made of quantum mechanical oscillations

EnlargeChris MonroeShare this storyTime crystals: I'd hoped I'd never write about them again. A long time ago, there was a theory paper that proposed a new idea—time crystals. I was intrigued, but I was also confused. This either seemed like a trivial idea, or one so deep I didn't fully grasp it. Now, it seems I might not have had a clue, as two research groups have reported producing actual time crystals.Time crystals are not made of timeA time crystal is almost analogous to the crystals that you may be more familiar with, like salt and sugar. Salt consists of two atoms (sodium and chlorine) that are arranged in a fixed order in space. In any given direction, there is a characteristic length over which the crystal repeats itself. If I were located somewhere in the middle of a crystal and

us attorney general to recuse himself from all trump campaign probes

US Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced he would recuse himself from any probe into the presidential election campaign as Donald Trump's administration moved to cut short a snowballing controversy over its ties to Russia. Facing calls to resign over newly-revealed meetings he held with Russia's ambassador before the election, Sessions denied any impropriety or that he lied about those encounters in his confirmation hearings.The US president declared his "total" confidence in Sessions -- while adding that he "wasn't aware" of the contacts between Ambassador Sergey Kislyak and Sessions, who was a senator actively supporting his campaign at the time.But top US Democrats -- unswayed by Sessions' account of events -- maintained their calls for him to step down immediately, accusing him of p

us attorney general to recuse himself from all trump campaign probes

US Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced he would recuse himself from any probe into the presidential election campaign as Donald Trump's administration moved to cut short a snowballing controversy over its ties to Russia. Facing calls to resign over newly-revealed meetings he held with Russia's ambassador before the election, Sessions denied any impropriety or that he lied about those encounters in his confirmation hearings.The US president declared his "total" confidence in Sessions -- while adding that he "wasn't aware" of the contacts between Ambassador Sergey Kislyak and Sessions, who was a senator actively supporting his campaign at the time.But top US Democrats -- unswayed by Sessions' account of events -- maintained their calls for him to step down immediately, accusing him of p

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